Sciatic nerve pain is a lot more known as sciatica. It’s a type of pain that is a result of an irritation within the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain starts on the lower back or lumbar area and then spreads along the thigh, up until the knee. The primary reason for this is that the sciatic nerve is located from the spinal cord within the lumbar area and extends along the buttocks. It is the largest nerve within the body.
The pain could also radiate to the hips. It can make walking very difficult as well as impossible. Apart from the pain, sciatica also offers other symptoms. Someone might also feel numbness and tingling or burning sensations through the spine area, upper buttocks, thigh or the rear of his legs. Sometimes, these symptoms are worsened by bending the waist or by walking. It might be partially or completely relieved by lying down.
There are many causes for lower back pain. Usually it is actually the result of a lumbar disc hernia that presses directly on the nerve. This may either cause an inflammation or irritation in the sciatic nerve pain management website. Other causes may include tumor growths, infection, internal bleeding, trauma, and various injuries. The nerve can be irritated by any adjacent muscle or bone. On some cases, it may also be caused by pregnancy.
Three of the common reasons for sciatica are spinal disc herniation, spinal stenosis and piriformis syndrome. In a spinal disc herniation occurs when an individual suddenly bends or twists their waist. Once the spinal disc is herniated, it can press on the nerve and cause swelling on the surrounding tissues, which further progresses on the nerve. With lumbar spinal stenosis, the space for that spinal cord is narrowed. It pinches and irritates the nerves such as the sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is a condition wherein the sciatic nerve experiences the piriformis muscle rather than underneath it. When this muscle is overused or injured in people with this syndrome, it compresses or strangles the sciatic nerve, causing low back pain.
To ensure that low back pain to get treated, it must be diagnosed first. Checking for the symptoms, along with a physical exam and medical history can help using the diagnosis. Diagnostic tests including electromyogram, X-rays, MRI and CT scans are helpful for determining just what the exact cause is.
There are many treatment options for sciatica. Besides treating the underlying cause, medications and physical rehabilitation can also be helpful. The key goal of medications is definitely the relief of pain and inflammation. On the other hand, physiotherapy focuses on strengthening the back. Spine stretching and conditioning exercises greatly help individuals with zygolr recovery. Although bed rest is not a total required for recovery, still it helps relieve symptoms and it is still being encouraged. On some cases, surgery is necessary to treat sciatic nerve pain. It is actually indicated for persisting and chronic sciatica that is a result of a compression of a nerve in the back area. In other cases, specialists on pain management are consulted to assist treat with chronic sciatic nerve pain.